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Difference between Active and Passive Components

Active component

Those electronics devices or component are called active component which required an external source of energy for its operation. Sometimes people defined active component as Components or device which produce electrical energy  as a function of voltage and current, means in a similar way we can say active components are energy provider to the circuit..like voltage source, current source, transistor, diode, etc

Passive component

Those devices or components are called passive component which does not require an external source of energy for its operation. like active component, passive components are also defined in a different way
Those electronics devices or component which consume electrical energy in the electronic circuit are called passive component Like register inductor-capacitor transformer. Like resistor capacitor and inductor

Resistors

Generally, materials have characteristics of resisting the flow of electric charge and this resisting property of the material is known as resistance. Resistance is the ability of the material to resist the flow of electric current. It is represented by the capital letter R. Its SI unit is Ohm. Resistance is a basic part of all electrical and electronic appliances.

Types of resistors

As per the construction and material used, there are two types of resistors
1 ) carbon resistors
2) wire wound resistors

Carbon resistors

Carbon resistors are made by mixing of either graphite or carbon powder with a suitable insulator and a bonding material. The advantage of carbon resistors is that it is easily available in the market at a very low cost. It has a disadvantage as well in the form of temperature-sensitive. Carbon resistors are also divided into two categories

1. Fixed resistors
2. Variable resistor

Fixed resistor

When The carbon powder and the bonding agent are mixed in a given fixed proportion and then mold in a thin rod. Then these rods are cut according to the required value of resistance. After cutting the peace, it is fitted by a metal cap with a connecting wire. this connecting wire may be of copper. Generally, this type of resistor is made in the range of 1 ohm to 220 Mega Ohm and having a capacity of 1 watt to 2 watts. The resistance value of each resistance is given by the color code band on every resistor.

Variable resistor

The paste formed by mixing carbon powder and a bonding agent is molded in the form of an arc-shaped strip. this strip is then fixed on a suitable insulator base and it's both ends are connected by the connectors. A movable arm is connected above the strip such that its connection is maintained with the middle connector this resistance is made in the range of 100M ohm to 5M ohm.

Wire Wound Resistor.

wire wound resistance is formed by winding the wire of Manganin or eureka over the pipes or sheet of china clay, ceramic, porcelain, or bakelite. The temperature coefficient of these two materials is almost zero so there would be no resistance variation with temperature. The current carrying capacity of this resistor is more than the carbon resistor.


fixed resistor

these resistors are made in the range of 0.12 ohm to 50-kilo ohm and power capacity of 1 watt to 50 watt. for industrial application resistance of more than 50-watt value are used.

Marking of the resistance value

Generally, the value of resistance and wattage of the resistor is specified on the resistor. But the size of carbon resistance is so small that it is not convenient to mark it on its body. for the convenience of marking the value of carbon resistance, they are of band type and body type.

Band Type Resistor

In this method,, four-color rings or bands are made from one end on the body of the resistor. The first ring of the color band represents the first letter of the resistance value the second ring represents the second letter of the resistance value, the third represents multiple and fourth rings represents its tolerance value.

Body Type

In this method, the complete body of resistance is colored with one color. one end of the resistance is colored with other color and a circular and rectangular mark is also made of different colors. The body color represents the first letter of the resistance value, color at one end represents the second letter of the resistance value, the circular dot represents the multiple and rectangular mark represents its tolerance value

Color Values for Resistor

The color values of the resistor are given below.If you want to find out the resistance value of any resistor by looking at the color code. then you have to memories the given color code with its specifics value.
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